Gleanings: August 18, 2016

This week’s gleanings: NAACP proposes freeze on for-profit charter schools / Aetna threatened to withdraw from Obamacare if DOJ tried to block merger / Milwaukee’s riot occurred in US’s most segregated city

NAACP members support moratorium on for-profit charter schools

NAACP members approved a resolution calling for a moratorium on the expansion of privately managed charter schools at its annual conference in Cincinnati.

“Charter schools with privately appointed boards do not represent the public but make decisions about how public funds are spent,” according to the resolution. The resolution claims charter schools have contributed to increased segregation, eroded local control of public education, and make disproportionately high use of punitive and exclusionary discipline.

The Movement for Black Lives made a similar recommendation in the community control plank of its recent platform: “Place a moratorium on charter schools and school closures.”

The NAACP resolution will not be official policy until it is approved by the national board.

Aetna threatened to withdraw from Obamacare if DOJ tried to block merger

In early July, “Aetna warned Justice Department antitrust officials in early July that if they sued to block its deal to acquire Humana Inc., it would immediately reduce its presence in the Affordable Care Act exchanges and cancel a planned expansion,” the Wall Street Journal reported.

On July 21, DOJ filed suit to block Anthem’s $54 billion acquisition of Cigna and Aetna’s $37 billion deal to buy Humana. The mergers, if permitted, would reduce the number of large health insurers from five to three.

The Washington Post quoted the DOJ’s explanation for the suit: “These mergers may increase the profits of Aetna and Anthem. But they would do so at the expense of consumers, employers and health professionals across the country, inflicting costs that cannot be measured in dollars alone.”

On Aug. 15, Aetna announced it would withdraw from 11 of 15 state health insurance exchanges, citing a projected a 2016 loss of $300 million on ACA plans.

According to the Wolf Street blog, Aetna reported that in the second quarter, ended June 30, revenue rose 5 percent year over year to $16 billion and net income rose 8 percent to $783 million.

Milwaukee’s riot occurred in US’s most segregated city

Historians who study social unrest say riots are usually rooted in underlying issues, not just frustration at recent events. By this explanation, the riots in Milwaukee were not a response to a single police shooting, but rather the culmination of long-festering problems and deep distrust.

Vox reports that Milwaukee has long been mired by racial tensions. It cites a 2015 NPR story, “Why Is Milwaukee So Bad for Black People?“, that detailed how black communities were stranded in concentrated areas of poverty, crime, and poor schools. Previous analyses concluded that Milwaukee is the most segregated metropolitan area in the country.

The Cincinnati-Middletown metropolitan area was ranked as the 22 most segregated metro area in the country based on a dissimilarity score of 59.3 that combines the scores for white-black, white-Hispanic, and white-Asian. Scores over 60 show very high segregation. Cincinnati’s dissimilarity score for white-black was 67.